MOTOR CITY — Aiming to reduce its reliance on gasoline and the pollution it produces, California will mandate that all new cars, trucks, and SUVs sold in the state use electricity or hydrogen by 2035.
Research Make (e.g. Cadillac)
The deadline for compliance with the requirements is set for 2036, with the first phase beginning in 2026. However, doing so presents a number of difficulties.
Nowadays, electric vehicles are more expensive than gas-powered ones. Precious metals used in their batteries are in short supply. The United States isn’t a major player in the battery industry.
Sure, a lot can alter in a decade and a half. What we know and what is being done to fix the issues are as follows:
Is there going to be enough electric vehicles produced by automakers?
Almost certainly. As of the first half of 2018, California’s new vehicle market was approximately 15% electric vehicle sales. Approximately 2 million new cars are sold annually in the state. There will be a shortfall of about 1.5 million by the year 2035 unless action is taken. But it seems like every other day a different automaker unveils a new electric vehicle (EV) model, battery factory, or assembly plant dedicated to producing EVs. A total of ten battery plants in the United States have been announced by major automakers like Ford, General Motors, Toyota, Hyundai-Kia, Stellantis, and VinFast.
Sam Fiorani, vice president of AutoForecast Solutions, said, “New plants are coming in and old plants are being converted.” To quote the plan: “The plans are in place for a large amount of vehicles to be ready for the U.S. and global markets.”
However, it remains to be seen if there will be sufficient supplies of rare elements like lithium for battery production, and if the cost of electric vehicles will decrease at a rate that is satisfactory. On Thursday, Kia’s senior manager of government affairs, Laurie Holmes, warned California officials that the industry might struggle to meet sales targets. She advocated for the establishment of a charging infrastructure and financial incentives for consumers to purchase EVs.
Is the power grid capable of taking care of all these people?
The California Energy Commission projects that the addition of EVs will have a negligible impact on statewide electricity consumption over the next decade. The commission predicts that by 2030, California will be home to 3.7 million light-duty electric vehicles, which will consume about 2.6% of the state’s electricity during peak hours. According to Union of Concerned Scientists senior engineer David Reichmuth, charging electric vehicles can be scheduled for off-peak hours, particularly during the day when wind and solar power are more abundant. Utility companies, he predicted, could tell drivers when to begin and end charging based on the demand for power.
Could the price of EVs prevent widespread adoption?
Perhaps, but the most expensive part, the batteries, are getting cheaper and will continue to do so as production costs are spread across more vehicles and new battery chemistries are developed that don’t use many expensive precious metals. Most electric vehicles (EVs) sold in the United States are currently priced at $40,000 or more, making them unaffordable to all but the wealthiest consumers. In any case, more reasonably priced variants are currently in development. One example is a compact Chevrolet SUV that can travel up to 500 kilometers (300 miles) on a single charge and will be available from General Motors for around $30,000. Tax credits worth $7,500 will be offered by the federal government in 2019 for the purchase of North American-made electric vehicles. Low-income buyers in California can take advantage of state cash incentives, rebates, and financing options. Furthermore, owners of EVs will spend less money on gas and repairs.
Given the need to produce and mine metals for batteries, do EVs really cause less pollution than conventional cars?
Several studies, including ones conducted at MIT, have reached that conclusion. Mining does cause pollution, but EVs are so much more environmentally friendly than gas vehicles that it doesn’t take long for them to make up for it. This summer, the Union of Concerned Scientists released a study that considered emissions over the product’s entire lifespan, from raw materials to final disposal.
Margo Oge, chair of the International Council for Clean Transportation and a former top official at the United States Environmental Protection Agency, said, “There’s nothing that we’re going to do when it comes to aggressively promoting electrification that will be worse for the planet than burning fossil fuels.”
California’s lead: Will it be followed by other states?
To date, 17 additional states, mostly along the coasts, have adopted California’s greenhouse gas emissions requirements. They represent roughly 40% of the total sales of new vehicles in the United States. Many other jurisdictions, including Washington, are expected to follow Washington’s lead and implement similar regulations for the sale of EVs. It will take more time for the other states to go through the process, and many of them simply don’t have the demand for, or the charging infrastructure for, electric vehicles that California does.
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FAQs: Article on the state’s EV laws and the 2035 ban on internal combustion engine vehicles was published on Autoblog on Sat, 27 Aug 2022 11:00:00 EDT. For more information on how to use feeds, please refer to our policies.
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